Dharma Talk w/Q&A: Abbot Myogen Steve Stücky at SF Zen Center, Audio Only

Vodpod videos no longer available.


I found it!

The dharma talk I wrote about attending in my last post “Understimulated” was actually already up. I just forgot that SF Zen Center was trying something different. Now you can watch lives streams of the talks given by teachers at the center. And this particular one even has the Q&A included. Q&A is normally done after all the talks given at the center. This Q&A is quite helpful if you find yourself still not quite getting the talk or maybe want more enlightenment about the talk.

This lecture “touches on letting go of certainties, doing nothing, listening to your body, self-fulfilling prophecies and more.” I hope you take out an hour or so of your evening or day to take a listen.

Oh yeah, skip ahead to 15:00 20:00 mins for the beginning of the talk.

The Uses of Pleasure and Pain

Look at what the Buddha has to say about the tasks with regard to each of the noble truths. The task with regard to stress and suffering is to comprehend it. The task with regard to the path is to develop it, which means you want to develop that sense of ease, the sense of rapture that comes as the mind begins to settle down in concentration. What you’re doing is taking one of the aggregates — the aggregate of feeling — and instead of latching onto it or pushing it away, you learn how to use it as a tool.

When pain and stress and suffering come, you want to comprehend them. Comprehending pain and stress teaches you a lot about the mind. The Buddha never said that life is suffering. He just said there’s suffering in life, which is a very different teaching. As long as there’s going to be pain, as long as there’s going to be suffering, get the most use out of them. You find as you focus on pain — as you get to know it, get to comprehend it — that you learn all kinds of things about how the mind is working. In particular, you learn to see what it’s doing to take a physical pain and turn it into mental pain — or, if you’re starting with mental pain, to make it worse.

What we’re doing is taking one of the aggregates that we usually cling to… Clinging here doesn’t mean just holding on. It also means trying to push away, and pushing away is like pushing away a glob of tar. The more you push it away, the more you get stuck. So instead of clinging or pushing away, we try to learn how to use these aggregates as tools, in the same way you’d use tar to make asphalt for paving a road.

This is a common theme running throughout the Buddha’s teachings: Before you can let go of anything, you have to learn how to master it. Otherwise, you’re just holding on, pushing away, holding on, pushing away. And nothing comes from that except more stress, more suffering, more pain. This harms not only you but also the people around you. If you’re constantly feeling worn down by the pains and the inconveniences of life, you’ll find it hard to be kind to other people. In fact, most of the evil things people do in their lives come from their sense of being totally overwhelmed, feeling weak and trapped and then lashing out.

But if you give the mind the sense of strength and security that comes with knowing it has a center it can return to and gain nourishment from, it’s a gift not only to yourself but also to the people around you. It’s not a selfish practice.

Learn how not to hold onto feelings, grabbing hold of the pleasant ones, pushing the painful ones away. Instead, learn how to use them as tools. When they’re used as tools, they open things up in the mind. You understand where the mind is unskillful in how it manages its thinking, and you realize that you don’t have to be unskillful. There are better ways to think, better ways to manage the thought processes in the mind.

And a funny thing happens. As you master these processes, they bring you to a point where everything reaches equilibrium. That’s where you can really let go. You can even let go of your tools at that point because they’ve taken you where you want to go. From that point on, everything opens up to the Deathless.

But you can’t get there by pushing and pulling your way around. If the Deathless were something you could force your way into, everybody would have gone to nibbana a long time ago. It requires a lot of finesse, a lot of skill in how you deal with the mind, learning to recognize the time for analyzing issues of stress and suffering, and the time for letting the mind rest so it that it can gain strength and then go back to work.

Thanissaro Bhikkhu

Read this in its entirety here.

Tiger Woods, Craving, And Buddhist Principles

Mid-February, 2010, legendary golfer Tiger Woods stood behind a podium, in a small room full of close family and friends, and apologized for how his behavior (Tiger had been cheating on his wife with multiple women) had affected his wife, his family, his fans, and his work colleagues.

While speaking, Tiger talked about becoming a better person. Woods mentioned that part of the reason why he was in the situation he’s in is because he fell away from his Buddhist practice and principles. According to the transcript, he said this:

Buddhism teaches that a craving for things outside ourselves causes an unhappy and pointless search for security. It teaches me to stop following every impulse and to learn restraint.

“Buddhist principles” does not equal meditation

I wrote this article because as I was browsing the web, another article somehow turned this quote into an angle to promote meditation. I doubt I would normally care about an article such as that; but for some reason, this time I did care.

One reason might have been because of a past discussion on secularizing Buddhism. This article, in my opinion, clearly did that. It was as if the writer said “Hey look! Tiger mentioned Buddhism, I can write about meditation!” Essentially let’s not study the religious roots of that statement; instead, let’s make it a nice way to promote meditation which is now mainstream enough that it can be promoted without making people think of the Buddhist religion (philosophy).

Secondly, by Tiger mentioning Buddhist principles, a golden opportunity to understand the meaning of what he said had presented itself to the world. I say “golden” because Buddhism is like a religion of cognitive psychology. Most ideals that are practiced are based on how one operates in their thinking and how those thoughts cause stress for the individual. The ideals in Buddhism also help one work on purifying and neutralizing those thoughts that cause stress a.k.a life drama. It’s a golden opportunity.

So here we are, there is a mention of Buddhism in the media and instead of exploring the quote, we get another article about doing meditation. Whiskey Tango Foxtrot people a.k.a “you’re doin’ it wrong.”

So what does “craving” mean in Buddhism?

Well craving, is the source of everyone’s suffering. We become attached to an idea, an object, a person, etc, so much so that it causes us to do and be dumb things. The nature of craving is taught in one of the most basic teachings in Buddhism called The Four Noble Truths, craving is the second truth.

Now what is the noble truth of the origination of stress? The craving that makes for further becoming — accompanied by passion & delight, relishing now here & now there — i.e., craving for sensuality, craving for becoming, craving for non-becoming.

Craving for sensuality, here, means the desire for sensual objects. Craving for becoming means the desire for the formation of states or realms of being that are not currently happening, while craving for non-becoming means the desire for the destruction or halting of any that are.

Access to Insight Organization

So Tiger was craving sensuality and desire to such an extreme that it caused him suffering. And he’s not alone in his craving: people on Wall Street desire money, people around the world desire what others have or what they see on TV, kids almost desire everything if you don’t teach them restraint. These are all from the same well of suffering that Tiger got his suffering from.

Essentially, Tiger forgot how not to crave, which is explained in the third and fourth truths. In this situation, meditation is one aspect of a solution but it not the entire solution. It would be like giving someone the parts of a bicycle without giving them the instruction manual. “Go meditate and learn not to suffer.”

Learning to be with your craving is not so much about detaching from your suffering or craving as much as it’s allowing your suffering or craving to exist without it controlling you, which is what Tiger meant by this.

It teaches me to stop following every impulse and to learn restraint.

And this statement, I’ll deal with another time.

Zen Meditation Fends Off Pain, Thickens Brain

In February ’09, the University of Montreal released the results of one of its two studies that studied the affects Zen meditation has on health. Apparently doing nothing is still doing something.

The first study was created to see if trained meditators perceived pain differently than non-meditators. The authors of the paper, Joshua A. Grant and Pierre Rainville, studied 13 Zen meditators with at least 1,000 hours of meditation practice and 13 non-meditators.

Participants were given a heat test via a computer-controlled heating plate that was pressed against the calves of subjects intermittently at varying temperatures. The results of the test showed that meditators have a lower pain sensitivity than non-meditators.

For more info, check out the clip below.

In the second study, done in February 2010 and also by Grant with direction from Rainville, 17 meditators and 18 non-meditators who had never practiced yoga, experienced chronic pain, neurological or psychological illness, were also tested via a computer-controlled heating plate that was pressed against their calves.

These subjects were also given a MRI after. The MRI scans showed that central brain regions that regulate emotion and pain were significantly thicker in meditators compared to non-meditators.

The study was published in the American Psychological Association journal, Emotion.

Know Thyself — Inadequacy and Egocentrism

The most usual and outstanding effect of inadequacy* is to limit the circle of one’s interests. These tend to be restricted to essentials because of the distress accompanying physical effort. The interests usually first affected are those that we call ordinarily unselfish interests. This term is not well applied because all interests are within the possible range of “self.” The inadequate person becomes egocentric. His conversation tends strongly to deal only with his own person and history. If he reads a book it is only a possible bearing on his own immediate needs that will be noticed. Any topic mentioned by another is turned immediately into a reference to himself. If he makes gifts we notice that their value is carefully estimated for maximum effect with minimum outlay. The return gift is the real aim of the action. He learns to count the cost of every service to others, and to consider its effect. He wishes to be loved for himself alone. By this he means that he hopes for devoted service from others, service which will not depend on any return from him.

The egocentric person may indulge in teasing and hurting those close to him. His gratification lies in the reassurance that their devotion will survive the test. He may be given to extreme self-depreciation and the appearance of modesty. But an examination of his modesty and his low self-estimate betrays that it is expressed under circumstances calculated to stir others to polite disagreement. He elicits compliments by his humble statements. He develops that form of functional deafness that makes it necessary always to repeat a compliment paid him. By this means he hears it twice instead of once.

Edwin R. Guthrie (1938)

*Inadequacy in this context is a failure of the emotional system to force someone to overcome a “difficulty or resolve a conflict” that is usually a major choice. This indecision may extend to trivial and minor choices.